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Welsh Miners and the Spanish Civil War: Topic Plan
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Key  Questions Learning Objectives Resources Interaction Activities Links
What was the Spanish Civil War? 

How did South Wales miners become involved?

 

Knowledge/understanding:

(1) Causes of the war; 
(2) Issues dividing the sides; (3) Origins, composition of International Brigade.
(4) The war itself

Narrative text - sufficient to provide necessary information but concise enough not to ‘get in the way’

Supported by photographs and map showing main campaigns.

None – pupils simply read the information. 

However, it would be useful to have hyperlinks to a glossary, so that (1) the text can be shortened, and (2) they can manage how much information they want to use. 

Mine of Information and/or other useful websites dealing with e.g. the Spanish Civil War.
What were conditions like for soldiers in the International Brigade?

 

Empathy:

(1) Leaving family/friends;
(2) The journey out;
(2) Reception in Spain;
(3) Hardships of war.

Letters - ‘personal’ matters; 

Taped reminiscences;

Newspaper articles;

Purpose is to enable the pupils, using the sources and their contextual knowledge, to reconstruct the experience of the volunteers – in order to explain their attitudes and feelings.  Mine of Information and/or other useful websites dealing with e.g. the Spanish Civil War.
What was the fighting like? 

One man’s war: Will Lloyd of Aberdare

How did Welsh communities support the war effort?

Using evidence:

(1) Interpretation of sources;
(2) Reliability of sources;
(3) Utility of sources
(4) Censorship issues
(5)Combine sources to produce an account / answer a question.

Letters – military matters

Focus on those of Will Lloyd;

Articles from Aberdare Leader;

Taped reminiscences; 

Official government sources;

Photographs;

More detailed map of Jamara campaign;

Purpose is to enable pupils to interpret and evaluate sources in order to produce an account or answer a question. Plenty of ‘meat’ here. Aberdare leader is hopelessly biased; sections of letters are clearly censored; limited use of individual recounts etc.Q: How useful are these sources for telling us what it was like to fight in the Spanish Civil War? Mine of Information and/or other useful websites dealing with e.g. the Spanish Civil War.
What was achieved?

 

Interpretations:

Pupils use sources to test interpretations of the contribution of the International Brigades.

Historians’ viewsPrimary sources used elsewhere in the unit. Pupils are given two competing interpretations of effectiveness of International brigades. Using copy/paste, the ‘attach’ primary sources to one or other interpretation and draw a conclusion Mine of Information and/or other useful websites dealing with e.g. the Spanish Civil War.


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