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Health, Occupation, and Community

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South Wales consists of both the Coalfield and the coastal strip. The region has a distinctive history of medicine and health, which was brought about by rapid industrial growth from the late nineteenth century and swift economic decline in the aftermath of the First World War.

This page lists historical records for occupational and community health, predominantly between 1890 and 1948, which are held at the West Glamorgan Archive Service and the Swansea Central Reference Library.

It was compiled by Dr Sara Knight, an honorary lecturer in the School of Health Science at Swansea University, and generously funded by the Barry Amiel and Norman Melburn Trust.

Click here to browse the records by selected criteria

Click here to search the records

For annotated illustrations of medical records in the South Wales Coalfield Collection at Swansea University, and access to the enhanced online catalogue, please see the Wellcome Trust web page.

Useful Links

Chronology of State Medicine, Public Health, Welfare and Related Services in Britain: 10-66-1999,

History of Medicine Online,

NHS History,

Institute for Historical Research,

Wellcome Trust,

Further Reading

Borsay, Anne (ed.), Medicine in Wales, c.1800-2000: Public Service or Private Commodity (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2003).

Cooter, Roger and Pickstone, John (Eds), Companion to Medicine in the Twentieth Century (London: Routledge, 2000).

Hardy, Anne, Health and Medicine in Britain since 1860 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001).

Jones, Helen, Health and Society in Twentieth-Century Britain (London: Longman, 1994).

Lawrence, Christopher, Medicine in the Making of Modern Britain, 1700-1920 (London: Routledge, 1994).

Michael, Pamela and Webster, Charles (eds), Health and Society in Twentieth-Century Wales (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2006).

Williams, Chris, Capitalism, Community and Conflict: The South Wales Coalfield, 1898-1947 (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1998).

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