CWM Logo

CWM MiddleClick to go to CWM homeClick to go to CWM About

  You are here: Cwm > Themes > People > : Keir Hardie

Keir Hardie 1856-1915

Red Line

Born Lanarkshire, Scotland. First worked as a baker’s delivery boy until finding work in the mines at the age of 11. He was instrumental in the creation of a union at the mine in which he worked and led its first strike, which resulted in his dismissal. By 1886 he had become secretary of the Scottish Miners’ Federation and editor of the newspaper The Miner.

In 1893 he helped form the Independent Labour Party and became its first chairman and leader. 1900 saw him being elected as MP for Merthyr Tydfil and this led on to greater things with him becoming leader of the Labour Party from 1906-8 and again for a short period in 1910. As a pacifist Hardie opposed the First World War and tried to organise a national strike in opposition to Britain’s participation.



Morgan, Kenneth O. Keir Hardie (London, 1967).

Stewart, William J.Keir Hardie: a biography, with introduction by J. Ramsey Macdonald. (London, 1921).

Hughes, Emrys. Keir Hardie (London, 1956).


Hardie, James Keir My confession of faith in the Labour Alliance (n.d.)

Hardie, James Keir Keir Hardie`s speeches and writings: from 1888 to 1915. (1928?)

All items listed in the further reading are available for consultation in either the South Wales Miners’ Library or the Library and Information Centre, University of Wales Swansea. Click here to link to the library catalogue. 



Keir Hardie 1856-1915

Valid HTML 4.0! Valid CSS!

New Oppurtunities Fund Logo 

Library and Information Services Logo

Swansea University Special Collections

©University of Wales Swansea 2002